In the retina there are two binding proteins to taurine. And, intracellular concentrations are higher in the retina than in any other regions derived from the central nervous system.
Taurine plays a role in the process of rhodopsin in regeneration necessary for night vision. It is essential to the retinal pigment epithelium and the photoreceptors (cells that we see with) where it is found at levels ten times higher than other free amino acids.
Taurine helps protect cell membranes from oxidative attack. It helps transport nutrients across cell membrances, acts as a catalyst to retinal cells that remove cellular depris and assists in the elimination of potentially toxic substances.
Taurine in cominations with retinol protects lipids twice as much as retinaol alone. Taurine protects rod outer segments lipids during exposure to cyclic light.
Diabetes increases the retina's requirements for taurine. Glucose rapidly and specifically decreases taurine content in the retinal pigment epithelial cells. Uptake of taurine is increased in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium with higher levels of insulin and glucose concentrations. Taurine also appears to protect the lens against the development of 'sugar cataracts' by an antioxidant effect.
A deficiency state of taurine is often associated with an imbalance in intestinal flora. The condition, dysbiosis, is commonly called 'leaky gut' and inhibits taurine absorption. Lowered levels of taurine may also be associated with cardiac arrhythmias, disorders of platelet formation, an overgrowth of candida, phycail or emotional stress, a zinc deficiency, and excessive consumption of alcohol.
Serving Size: 1 Dropper (1.0ml)
Servings Per Container: Approx. 60
Amount Per Serving:
L-Taurine 50 mg
Other Ingredients: Purified Water, Glycerine, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate.
Directions: Take 1 or 2 dropperfuls per day in the mouth, or as directed by health professional. For best results, hold in mouth for two minutes, swish in cheeks before swallowing.